MCL Tear - McKinney, TX
Dr. Morgan is a renowned orthopedic surgeon practising in McKinney, TX. He has extensive experience in providing complete diagnosis and treatment for injuries to the knee ligaments - ACL, MCL, PCL and LCL.

MCL Tear

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) is one of the four main ligaments in the knee joint. It is a tough band-like structure which prevents the knee from excessive inward bending. The MCL extends from the bottom of the femur to the top of the shin bone. It lies in the inner part of the knee joint and supports the movement of the joint. MCL tear is a common injury that involves excessive stretching or complete tearing of the ligament. Depending on the severity of the injury, the injury can be classified as follows.

  • Grade 1- It involves slight stretching of the ligament while the joint remains stable
  • Grade 2- In this, partial tearing occurs and it may possibly cause instability of the knee
  • Grade 3- It is a severe injury in which the ligament is completely torn and the joint is essentially unstable

Causes Of MCL Tear

  • Direct trauma or injury to the knee joint
  • Sports injuries
  • Repeated stress or overuse leads to the loss of elasticity in the ligament. This makes it prone to tears

Symptoms Of MCL Tear

  • Mild or severe pain in the inner part of the knee
  • Swelling
  • The area is tender when touched
  • Locking sensation in the knee
  • Stiffness of the joint
  • Weakness and instability in the legs and knee

Diagnosis Of MCL Tear

  • Detailed clinical examination
  • Palpation to check for the symptoms and severity of injury
  • X-ray to assess bone structure
  • MRI scan may be recommended to obtain a better view of the torn ligament

Treatment For MCL Tear

In most cases, particularly in Grade 1 and 2 injuries, the ligament may get repaired through conservative methods of treatment. These may include the following:

  • Cryotherapy- use of ice packs to reduce pain and swelling
  • Prescription of pain killers and anti-inflammatory medicines
  • Rest the injured leg and keep it elevated above chest level
  • A soft bandage may be used for compression
  • Recommended use of cane or crutches to prevent weight bearing for some time
  • Avoid any sport or activity that may stress the joint
  • Physical therapy may help to strengthen the muscles and joint
  • Surgical intervention may be required if there is severe damage to the ligament or injury to the surrounding structures l. The surgical procedure may include the following:
  • Arthroscopic examination of the joint using a small camera that is inserted through a small incision
  • The torn ligament may stitched or stapled together. Metal screws may also be used to reposition or reattach the ligament to the bone

For diagnosis and treatment of MCL Tear, consult Dr. Morgan. To schedule an appointment with the orthopedic surgeon in McKinney, TX, call at (972) 727 – 9995.